Unit 1 summary

Reflecting over unit one 1 I can definitely say I have a better and more thorough understand of the original aspects of interior design and how the principles and elements of design and how they have been used in history up until today. Along with learning the elements of design in unit 1,  I have also develop a better understanding of other aspects such as new vocabulary, alternative views of interior design, and approaches to things like space, objects, and buildings; these particular aspect help to build a better understanding all in one.

            Beginning unit 1, I wasn’t quite sure what to expect. Typical questions likes “how?”, “where?”, “what?”, and “who” raced around my head as if I had to come already knowing these things however that was by far not the case. The first topic just so happened to have been approaches to objects, spaces, buildings, and place.

            Let’s take Stonehenge for example. The famous prehistoric monument, located in Wiltshire, England, is a great example of the start of the usage of 2 important design diagrams, columns and stacks. This monument consists of a group of stacked stones in the form of a circle of sort. They were apparently placed in that particular shape and order, stones standing up in columns, so that as the sun rotates people will be able to tell the approximate time. This is a great example for approaches to space and shape as well. This monument was built for a purpose and to serve a function of sort, however; a major question remains somewhat unknown, “why”?

            As previously mentioned, the setup of Stonehenge consists of 2 types of diagrams, stacks and columns. Along with columns and stacks we have a triangle or pyramid. For instance the great pyramids of Giza, like the roofing of many houses and buildings today, was a pyramid. The fact that these pyramids were in the shape of a triangle birthed the idea of incorporating the triangular design in all sorts of architectural structures and interiors.

            In unit 1, space and time were also two very important components as far as how design and architecture has changed cross time and space. Referring back to the British museum, we were able to see clear examples as to how a change has been made from one point of time back then, up until now.

            When many people think about interior design, more often than not most associate that with the same basic idea and thought process of designing a home or building; some may even confuse that with decoration. Demonstrated in unit 1, there are many alternate views that actually link around the world. Let’s reflect back on that activity of creating a story as to why architects and designers selected classical elements for either pence hall or kind library here at UK. This is the perfect example of having alternative views because I can create my story based off what I feel the meaning and reasoning should be but someone else may have a different view of that. The reasoning for many architects and designers workings and designs could be based off expression.

      This actually leads me to my next important aspect of unit 1; the expression of faith in glass. Like the examples on the cathedral website, many churches were built and some were built in the shape of crosses. In these churches were large murals and glass design that represented faith. Next to incorporating the faith in glass, designers also began to play around with the idea on combining the rectangular (stacked and column) design with circles, creating the dome we see on many buildings today.

      Overall unit one covered much of the necessary knowledge I needed to get a good first grasp of the history of interior design. There the importance of the usage of the principles and elements of design and its history is something anyone as a designer should know about. Along with the principles and elements of design unit on

Hersey Reading

After reading Hersey’s thesis of meaning, and breaking down how these classical elements can refer tso body parts of the human body and even other commonly used objects, I was able to relate this to the things I was able to observe at Pence Hall. Not only did he relate these elements to body parts and objects but symbolization as well.
             As I walked around and observed my surroundings in Pence Hall, I noticed many classical elements incorporated into the building design. Actually the first thing I noticed as I walked up the steps was the columns. As Heresy mentioned in his article, columns mark out boundaries, property, and jurisdictions. I feel that the architects and designers created these columns maybe for similar reasons. They could have been designed into the building because it shows Pence Hall is a building of its own and is not a part of or connected to any one building on campus. Above these columns was a molding that is clearly decorative and had some sort of meaning. Heresy mentioned a few molding meanings and representations like the s-curves and tongue and dart, however; I am not quite sure what they Pence molding may represent. I feel like the reasoning of the molding design here is some reason that relates to the original purpose of the building.

            Looking at the building structure as a whole, I can tell the architects used the column design or Rome diagram because you can obviously notice that the building is built off 5 large columns 3 in which are sticking out and 2 which are kind of lined up with each other but don’t come out as far as the other 3. This could have some sort of symbolic reasoning as well.

            If you stand outside and look at the building as a whole, you will notice for the most part it is actually symmetric but with a few slight differences on each side.  I could also see the firmness in the building. The steps as you walk in are concrete, then as you are in the building you first approach steps, these steps are made of a concrete or metal of sort. While on the subject of the steps, as I look a glass up, I saw the steps as they went up each floor. It reminded me of the idea of “stacking”.  As far as the basically color of the bricks, you can tell that the building has slightly aged simply because the orange color in the bricks are slightly faded.


The Elements and Principles of Design

Sidney Johns made it perfectly clear as to how the Elements and principles of Design are and how they are important, to art that is but not so much of design’. Although Johns had a few points I must disagree with his position at the end of the reading simply because he is talking about the elements of design in a sense of decorating and art work instead of how the elements and principles of design are used in Interior Design or design in general. He continues to explain how they are used in art but it seems as if he overlooked how these are used in design and the function of these elements in design. I say function because even though he described how and why these elements are significant to art, he is describing these elements being used for art work (no function) instead of how they are used in Interior design. Also he mentions how these concepts make the world of living a more pleasant experience for the population as a whole but this is not necessarily true.


After watching the video, my understanding of the notion “copying” is that it was merely admirations of the Greek work. I think this idea is useful to understanding how architecture and design came to look the way they do across time because it is as if a great idea has progressively grown and improved over time. The idea of copying in my eyes is to see a “base” of sort, a beginning and then building a renewed or newer creation from that. For architecture and design to grow if must first start with an idea, or maybe even an idea previously thought of but could be interpreted in a different view point. 

Ancient Architecture/ Charles Moffat

After speculating what I have heard in class so far and what I have read, there are a few examples as to how Moffat connected ideas across time and space. As mentioned in the beginning of the article we have been building structures on higher surfaces but aren’t sure of any precise dates they were built. In other words we have been building upward with no real idea of precise dates or purposes 10 to 15 millenniums ago. In built form, over time buildings have been built more securely and longer lasting. Referring back to the article, in Egypt, the Elephantine Island and the Ruined City of Tiahuanacu in Bolivia started using similar techniques to make the overall structure longer lasting. In that case he states how pyramids are the prime example of human spirits aspiration to build something indestructible.  Being that the first pyramids were actually found in Mesopotamia and Zimbabwe, Moffat mentions how interesting incredibly interesting it that was considering the fact Africa is the birth place of civilization. Africa is also were the oldest surviving structures are and where the beginning of building upward began. He connected the idea of building upward with the fact The Greeks strove to emulate the gobs by building on top of mountains. I think it is safe to assume Moffat is giving examples of how the idea of building upward progressively grew across space over time.